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Greeting from the Speaker
  • no.1 Regional Assemblies as a Legislative Body
    • To achieve true regional autonomy that is centered on the people, provincial assemblies comprise of representatives who have been elected directly by the residents based in the certain areas. A provincial assembly is a deliberation body of regional municipalities and a collegiate organization consisting of the assemblymen elected by the residents of the province.
      A deliberation body is a government office with the authority to make municipal decisions and decisively partake in municipal administration. So it is quite different from the advisory or consultative organs that merely engagein consultations and inquiries.
      A deliberative body makes its decision by anonymous agreement among assemblymen, not by a departmental system based on single member's opinion.

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  • No. 2 Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assemblymen Election
    • Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly's quorum is 43, which includes 34 local electorates, 4 proportional representatives.
      Local electorate quorum is one per electoral district divided proportionally to population. (9 for Jeonju, 4 for Gunsan and Iksan respectively, 2 for Jeongeup, Gimje, Namwon, Wanju, Gochang, Buan respectively, 1 for Jinan, Muju, Jangsu, Imsil and Sunchang respectively)
      Proportional representative quorum is 10% of the local election quorum (one representative if less than a whole number) For educational board members, there are five electoral districts in Jeollabuk-do and one member is elected per electoral district.
      Each assemblyman serves a four-year term.

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  • No. 3 Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly Status
    • Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly shall have the following statuses :
      • Status as a People-Representing Body
        Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly has the status of a people-representing body that deliberates and decides on important proceedings of Jeollabuk-do.
      • Status as a Delibrative Body
        Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly has the status of a deliberative organ making executive decision on important proceedings concerning administration of Jeollabuk-do. Hence, the assembly deliberates and provides executive decisions on general policies, including those concerning responsibilities of the residents of the municipality, enactment of laws and regulations, and administration of organizations.
      • Status as a Municipal Legislation Body
        Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly has the status of a municipal legislation body with the authority to enact laws and regulations of Jeollabuk-do.
      • Status as an Inspecting Body
        Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly has the status of an inspecting body supervising proper administration of Jeollabuk-do province.

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  • No. 4 Authority of Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly
    • Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly is empowered with numerous authorities for fulfillment of its functions. These authorities have been vested as per local autonomy-related laws and regulations, including the Local Autonomy Act and the Local Finance Act, and can be categorized into rights to vote, inspect, autonomous government, franchise, petition settlement, express opinions, and report and document request.
      Jeollabuk-do Provincial Government has the right to inspect and investigate affairs of Jeollabuk-do province.

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  • No. 5 Provincial Assembly and the Executive Body
    • The executive body enforces the decisions made by the provincial assembly, under the discretion and authority of the local government magistrate who is elected directly by the people.
      To perform its functions, the executive body has a hierarchical substructure that consists of subsidiary bodies, affiliated executive bodies, subsidiary executive bodies, and education, science, and athletics bodies.
      The provincial assembly and the executive body function independently from each other.
      The two bodies perform the following functions:
      • - Provincial Assembly : Rights to summon, enact laws and regulations, review budget (and other voting rights),
          audit and investigate and consent affairs of the executive body.
      • - Executive Body : Right to introduce bills

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  • No. 6 Activities of the Legislature
    • Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly votes on creation and amendment of laws and regulations, establishment of budget scales and verification of effective use of spent budgets, determination of the need to acquire or liquidate assets, and on imposition and collection of various usage fees, service charges, contributions, local taxes, and additional dues.
    • Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly oversees and supervises Jeollabuk-do to ensure that it is properly carrying out the assembly's decisions, acting on behalf of the people, not misusing the budget, and not making errors in its handling of affairs.
    • Requests the governor of Jeollabuk-do, the superintendent of educational affairs, and other concerned civil servants to appear and report on the status of affairs or present documentation, holds inquiry sessions, and directly visits administration sites for audits and inspections.
    • Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly establishes regulations required in running of its meetings and elects its speaker and vice-speaker and exercises the right to vote no-confidence, right to maintain order in the meeting hall, right to form internal organization, and right to discipline assemblymen and review their qualifications.
    • As an organization representing the local residents, Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly expresses and proposes the colligate opinions and desires of the people and the region.

      Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly can propose opinions above mentioned to the governor of Jeollabuk-do, the N ational A ssembly, the Blue House, central ministries and offices, and other government offices or municipal bodies. Opinions are generally expressed as either "propositions" or "resolutions."

      In order to decide on urban planning-related matters or change zoning or names of cities or districts, the governor of Jeollabuk-do must first hear the opinions of Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly.
    • When a Jeollabuk-do resident feels he/she is the victim of unjustness, he/she can make an appeal to Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly.

      Once an appeal is received, it then becomes Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly's obligation and right to investigate and resolve the concerned matter.
    • Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly reviews and screens civil petitions to select and resolve cases that are deemed as illegal infringement of resident rights or interests or as cases that are in the interest of the region. The cases that cannot be resolved by Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly can be transferred to Jeollabuk-do province governor attaching an opinion statement.

      The governor is then required to promptly process the appeal and make a report to the provincial assembly. However, it should be noted that the governor is not obligated to make decisions in agreement with the opinions of Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly. This is because it may be impossible to follow the assembly's opinions due to legal or budgetary issues or rejection by the federal government.
    • The governor of Jeollabuk-do requires permission, or consent , from Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly to issue municipal bonds, acquire or liquidate properties of the province, to relinquish authorities of the province, or to exempt the nation from fees for usage of facilities of the province.
    • Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly also decides on proceedings via vote. Internal organization-related votes include election of the chairperson and vice-chairpersons, the acting chairperson, and standing committees/special committees chairpersons. Concerning nominations and recommendations for formation of external bodies, Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly can nominate the financial statement audit committee members and recommend candidates for various Jeollabuk-do committees when requested by the governor of Jeollabuk-do as per concerned laws and regulations.
    • Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly's plenary meeting and committee may call upon the governor of Jeollabuk-do and concerned civil servants to testify on matters related to enforcement of administrative affairs or review of bills. The assembly has also implemented a documentary inquiry system so that questions can be made and answered even during adjournment of the assembly.
    • Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly has the authority to request the governor of Jeollabuk-do for documentation relating to the assembly's overseeing of the executive body's affairs and review of bills. At least a three-day notice in advance should be given for the documentation by the assembly.

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  • NO. 7 Plenary Session
    • Plenary session is the executive deliberation body that decides on the assembly's proceedings. An agenda that includes the deliberation commencement date, bills for consideration, and their order is to be distributed to the seats, along with related bill documentation, prior to the start of the session, which is called to order when over 1/3 of the quorum is in attendance. The first day of the session includes an opening ceremony before the main conference in the presence of the governor of Jeollabuk-do, the superintendent of educational affairs, and other high-level civil servants. Upon completion of the opening ceremony, the deliberation of bills is called to order for the assemblymen to propose and submit bills for consideration. Important matters are reported first and then the bills are presented in the order of record in schedule.
    • Order of business in the first day of assembly is relatively simple and conventional and includes an opening ceremony, determination of session term, signing of the meeting minutes, and assemblymen election.

      The plenary session's bill deliberation process consists of bill presentation and description by the proponent or review report by the committee, followed by questioning and then decision making by vote. The chairperson or a member of the committee that has reviewed the bill provides supplementary explanations on questions regarding the bill itself. If it's an enunciation of a proposal, responses from the proponent or the assemblyman who enunciated the proposal is first heard and then discussions ensue in "yea" and "nay" manner. When discussions are over, end of the discussions and decision by vote are proclaimed.

      Decision by vote is the final bill deliberation step after the pros and cons are determined and decides the bill's passing or rejection. Decision by vote can take the form of unanimous vote, electronic vote, secret vote, and open vote. Arguments are handled via electronic voting for most common bills, whereas bills that do not have questions or supporting/opposing arguments are handled via unanimous vote. Furthermore, voting can be conducted by a method decided on by the plenary meeting as per proposal by the chairperson or agreement of the assemblymen and the various elections taking place in the assembly are conducted in secret vote, unless stipulated otherwise.

      Excluding special cases, decision by vote on general bills are determined by majority vote of assemblymen in attendance, with majority of registered assemblymen in attendance. Here, the chairperson has a vote and tie votes are considered a rejection for the concerned bill. When all the items on the agenda have been completed, adjournment of the meeting is declared after announcing schedule of the next meeting.

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  • No. 8 Committee
    • The committee shall request the governor of Jeollabuk-do for documentation related to review of a bill and investigate affairs of the province and inquire into the status of administrative affairs, and review and resolve civil petitions.

      The committee shall open the meeting when the chairperson deems it necessary at the plenary session or when more than a third of the registered members demand it.

      The committee shall call to order with over 1/3 of registered members in attendance, and decisions shall be made by the vote concurrent vote of a majority of the members present.

      In deliberating bills, the proponent of the bill shall explain the point of proposition and a review report by an expert advisor is followed. The members then make inquiries and discuss the bill amongst each other, deliberate, and then report to the plenary meeting.

      During a committee meeting, a committee member may speak on the same agenda without limitations of frequency and time.

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  • NO. 9 Bill Review
    • Bills to be voted on by Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly are proposed as per joint signature by the governor of Jeollabuk-do, the superintendent of educational affairs, and countersignature of more than ten or 1/5 of registered members of the assembly's concerned committee.

      Among bills which are categorized into general bills and budget bills, which have different initiators. The initiative for budget bills exclusively belongs to the governor of Jeollabuk-do and the superintendent of educational affairs.

      By principle the assembly's meetings are open to the public, but it may not be open to the public under agreement by more than 2/3 of assemblymen in attendance or when the speaker deems it necessary for the social security.

      Deliberation commences under attendance of over 1/3 of registered assemblymen. the speaker shall declare a suspension or adjournment of the meeting if the number of assemblymen in attendance falls short of the quorum. It is illegal to start deliberation of bills introduced or continue the meeting when the assemblymen attendance quorum is not met, and bills reviewed under such condition are flawed. Even when a bill requires a weighted special passing quorum in the deliberation agenda, the passing quorum does not get weighted. For example, in presenting a member dismissal resolution, the meeting can be held even without 2/3 attendance of registered members but it cannot vote to pass the resolution.

      Proceedings are passed for majority endorsement under majority attendance of registered members, excluding cases specially stipulated in the Local Autonomy Act. The speaker has a voting right in passing of resolutions, and tie votes are considered as rejection of the concerned resolution. Passing quorum consists of a general quorum and a special quorum.

      The speaker or a member may not participate in proceedings for which him/herself, a linear ascendant/descendant, or a sibling has interests in, and can attend only under consent of the assembly.

      Governor of Jeollabuk-do, superintendent of educational affairs, and involved government employees may attend the meetings to report on the status of affairs, present his/her opinions, and respond to the assembly's questioning.

      Except for the case of expiration of the involved assemblyman's term, bills presented to Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly shall not be terminated due to not being passed during the session.
      Bills rejected in Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly shall not be proposed or presented again during the same session. Bills rejected in the committee meeting are denunciated without presenting to the plenary session if there is no special request by the speaker or at least a certain number of assemblymen.

      Jeollabuk-do Provincial Assembly is required to keep meeting minutes that has to be updated with the events of the meetings and their results, names of the attending assemblymen, and signatures of two or more assemblymen chosen by the speaker and the assembly. The speaker is then to forward and the results of the meeting attaching a copy of the meeting minutes to the governor of Jeollabuk-do.

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